Who was Minerva?

Minerva was the goddess of wisdom, arts and war in ancient Rome. 

The mythical account of the goddess Minerva’s birth is interpreted metaphorical. Jupiter, the Roman pantheon of deities, consumed the goddess of Prudence. His headache was severe as a result. He then approached the god of fire, Vulcan, who severed her skull in two. Minerva emerged from that location already clad in armour.

It is famous that Minerva designed the ship of the Argonauts, in such a way that the prow of the ship had a wood that indicated the course that the ship should take and warned them of the dangers and how they should avoid them. 

The goddess Minerva is frequently shown clad in armour and a helmet-like structure. She occasionally wields a spear and is frequently accompanied by an owl, which represents Philosophy.